Saxony

From Grassi to Hellerau and Zwenkau

photo: Stephan Floß
Hellerau Festival Theatre, architecture: Heinrich Tessenow, 1911.

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In the Grassi Museum of Applied Arts in Leipzig, Josef Albers designed the largest glass surface created during the Bauhaus period. The “Rundling” residential complex in Leipzig – whose moniker refers to the circular arrangement of its 300 flats – exemplifies the pioneering communal housing of the 1930s. The Church of Reconciliation (Versöhnungskirche) in Leipzig is also well worth a visit, as it is an important historical monument of classic modernism.

© VG Bild Kunst, Bonn 2016
[Translate to English:] Albers-Fenster, Fensterfront, Mittelteil, GRASSI Museum, 3. Etage, Autor: Josef Albers, 1926 / Foto: Prof. Uli Kühnle, 2011.

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The state capital of Dresden saw construction of a modern factory as early as 1908: the Deutsche Werkstätten Hellerau. And Germany’s first garden city, Dresden-Hellerau – which was closely connected to the Deutscher Werkbund – was built nearby starting in 1909.

photo: Dieter Leistner
Sculpture in Rabe House, Zwenkau, artist: Oskar Schlemmer, 1930.

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The Hellerau Festival Theatre was built as a centre for rhythmical musical education, or Rhythmics, in 1911. Today it houses the Hellerau – European Centre for the Arts Dresden, offering numerous theatre, dance and music performances. In Löbau, the Schminke House (Haus Schminke) beckons visitors. Hans Scharoun designed it in 1930 in the New Architecture style for the noodle manufacturer Fritz Schminke, who wanted a modern and extravagant home. And at the Rabe House (Haus Rabe) in Zwenkau, Oskar Schlemmer added his unmistakable signature with elaborate interior decoration.

In Leipzig – the world’s capital of books and typography at the beginning of the 20th century – the German Museum of Books and Writing at the German National Library looks at a classic of the New Typography – Jan Tschichold – whose modernity is still stylistically influential to this day. To mark the centenary, the German Museum of Books and Writing at the German National Library in Leipzig is devoting attention to the typography of the Bauhaus, which is a unique hallmark that Saxony draws attention to with pride.

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Free State of Saxony

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