Lower Saxony

The Fagus factory, Bauhaus wallpaper and much more

© VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2017
UNESCO World Heritage Site Fagus Factory in Alfeld, architecture: Walter Gropius, 1911.

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The links between the state of Lower Saxony, the Bauhaus and its major figures extend well beyond Gropius’s early work in Alfeld: the most frequently sold Bauhaus product – the Bauhaus wallpaper – also has its roots in Lower Saxony. The wallpaper was commissioned, produced, and distributed by the Rasch company in Osnabrück.

photo: unknown, 1928. Stadtarchiv Celle
Altstädter school, Celle, architecture: Otto Haesler, 1926–28.

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Major examples of the New Architecture (Neues Bauen) can be found in many places in Lower Saxony. They include buildings by Otto Haesler in Celle – the Altstadt School and the Italienischer Garten, Georgsgarten, and Blumläger Feld estates, the above-ground buildings by Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer at the Mines of Rammelsberg in Goslar (a UNESCO World Heritage site), and the thermal power station in Wolfsburg. Museums and arts societies such as the Kestner Society will also be addressing the Bauhaus legacy on the basis of their own history and collections.

photo: unknown, 2015. Stadtarchiv Celle
Director's House, architecture: Otto Haesler, 1930–31, restoration 2005.

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Twelve cultural institutions in Lower Saxony have therefore joined together in preparations for the Bauhaus centenary in 2019 in order to present the Bauhaus idea from the periods before, during and after the Bauhaus itself in a state-wide series of events. The Landesmuseum für Kunst- und Kulturgeschichte (State Museum of Art and Cultural History) in Oldenburg, for example, will be mounting an exhibition on the later professional careers followed by Bauhaus students; the Kestner Society in Hanover will be presenting an exhibition on artistic influences; the history of the Bauhaus wallpaper will be the topic in Osnabrück; and the festivities held at the Bauhaus – which are associated of course with Kurt Schwitters, a native of Hanover – will be the subject presented at Hanover’s August Kestner Museum. The Sprengel Museum, also in Hanover, will be presenting the work of the famous Bauhaus photographer Umbo, who lived in the city for many years. Detailed appreciations of the architectural legacy of the Bauhaus will be presented at each site, with accompanying exhibitions: in the Fagus Factory, at Rammelsberg, in Celle, and many other places.

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Federal State of Lower Saxony

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