Baden-Württemberg

Home of Oskar Schlemmer and a centre of Neues Bauen

© González / Weissenhofmuseum
Weissenhof-Siedlung: detached house and semi-detached house Le Corbusier, architecture: Le Corbusier, 1927.

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The list of renowned modernist designers who were active in Baden-Württemberg is long. The teaching and design concepts developed by Stuttgart professor Adolf Hölzel, which were revolutionary in their time, were later rigorously pursued at the Bauhaus. In 1927, the Werkbund exhibition at the Weissenhof in Stuttgart – which was organized by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, later the third Director of the Bauhaus – became a beacon for the Neues Bauen (New Architecture). Le Corbusier, J.J.P. Oud, Walter Gropius, Mart Stam, Victor Bourgeois, Josef Frank, the brothers Bruno and Max Traut, Hans Scharoun and Adolf Rading took part in the exhibition. Erich Mendelsohn designed the Schocken department store in Stuttgart, and Otto Haesler, Wilhelm Riphahn and Caspar Maria Grod, along with Walter Gropius and others, designed the Dammerstock Estate in Karlsruhe. After the Second World War, the Hochschule für Gestaltung in Ulm (HfG, foundation of the Ulm design college), co-founded by Bauhaus member Max Bill, continued the ideas of the Bauhaus and exerted a lasting influence on educational methods in the field of design. Finally, the academic reappraisal of the Bauhaus was initiated by an exhibition that was held in Stuttgart in 1968.

photo: unknown. Freunde der Weissenhof-Siedlung
Weissenhof-Siedlung, Stuttgart: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. 1925–1927.

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Baden-Wuerttemberg’s contributions to the Bauhaus Centenary 2019 are just as diverse as the traces of modernism. The extensive exhibition and event programme for the Bauhaus-Centenary is being drawn up in cooperation with partners such as the Stuttgart Chamber of Architects, the Weissenhof Museum, the University of Stuttgart, the HfG Ulm Foundation, the HfG Schwäbisch Gmünd, the ifa Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen, and the Württembergischer Kunstverein Stuttgart.

photo: Sisi von Schweinitz, 1955. HfG-Archiv / Ulmer Museum
View of the HfG Ulm (Ulm School of Design), architecture: Max Bill, 1953–55

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Thus the HfG in Ulm/ Museum Ulm, the foundation of the Ulm design college, the HfG in Schwäbisch Gmünd and the Academy of Arts in Stuttgart are planning an exhibition on the basic training at the Bauhaus. Furthermore, the significance of classic modernism in Baden-Wuerttemberg’s building culture will also be focused on – with a special emphasis on interdependencies and continuities between the Bauhaus and the so-called Stuttgart avant-garde with the Weissenhofsiedlung. The Württembergische Kunstverein (Arts Society) is planning an exhibition with workshops, lectures, performances and film programmes. Moreover, the ifa Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen is planning an exhibition on the still unexplored connections to modernism outside of Europe in cooperation with the Centre for Art and Media (ZKM) in Karlsruhe.

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Federal State of Baden-Württemberg

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