Training began with the preliminary course where new, experimental educational methods were applied to acquaint students with the use of materials and the basic principles of design.
Johannes Itten’s preliminary course
The preliminary course at the Bauhaus was originally devised by the Swiss painter and art teacher Johannes Itten.
László Moholy-Nagy’s preliminary course
In 1923 László Moholy-Nagy took charge of the preliminary course and shifted the focus from artistic to technical issues. Rationality replaced romanticism and sensitivity to nature.